The Probate Division of the Butler County Court of Common Pleas is more commonly referred to as the Butler County Probate Court.
The Probate Court has jurisdiction over a wide variety of matters including:
- To probate wills and appoint executors, administrators;
- To direct and control the conduct and settle the accounts of executors and administrators and order distribution of estates
- To authorize the transfer of decedent's real and personal property; and,
- To construe the meaning of wills.
- To accept for filing copies of Ohio Estate Tax Returns
Guardianships and Conservatorships
- To appoint guardians for persons who are incapable of taking proper care of the person's self or property
- To appoint guardians for minors when necessary
- To appoint a conservator at the request of and for a person who is physically infirm.
- To direct and control the conduct of guardians and conservators, and to settle their accounts
- To appoint testamentary trustees
- To direct and control the conduct of testamentary trustees and to settle their accounts
- To terminate a testamentary trust in any case in which a court of equity may do so.
- To hear civil actions involving the construction and administration of inter vivos or living trusts
- To hear and determine petitions involving the adoption of minors.
- To hear and determine petitions involving the adoption of adults
- To hear and determine actions seeking the release of information about the birth name of an adopted person and the identity of a person's biological parents and biological siblings
- To hear and determine petitions involving the re-adoption of persons born in foreign countries whose adoptions have previously been finalized in country of the person's birth
Name Changes, Correction and Registration of Birth Records
- To hear and determine applications seeking the change of name of minors or adults
- To hear and determine applications seeking the correction and registration of birth records
Wrongful Death and Minor Settlements
- To hear and determine applications seeking approval of the settlement of wrongful death claims
- To hear and determine applications seeking approval of the settlement of the claims of minors for personal injury
Mental Illness Cases
- To hear and determine cases involving persons who are alleged to be mentally ill subject to court ordered hospitalization
- To render declaratory judgments
- To hear and determine cases seeking the construction of wills and trusts
- To hear and determine will contests
- To hear and determine complaints seeking approval of the sale, mortgage or lease of a decedent's or ward's real property
- To hear and determine complaints against persons suspected of having concealed, embezzled, or conveyed away or having been in possession of any moneys, chattels, or choses of action in an estate
- To grant marriage licenses
- A more comprehensive description of the jurisdiction of the Probate Court is found in section 2101.24 of the Ohio Revised Code